One of the Nabis (a group of Parisian artists) who introduced Surrealism
This French painter was born in Lausanne to a Protestant bourgeois family, and decided to become a painter when he was 18.
He moved to Paris and enrolled with the Académie Jullian. As early as 1893 he took part in the Salon des Artistes and the Salon des Indépendants , causing a scandal. He joined the Nabis (the word means prophets) and published wood engravings in the Courrier Français, le Rire, la Revue Blanche and other satirical publications. They won him international acclaim.
With his rather naïve style, a simplified technique and emphasised outlines, Vallotton conveyed his vision of an austere, uncompromising world. His paintings of the Nabis period, and later works, show harsh naturalism or often chilling eroticism, heralding the arrival of Surrealism.
Jules Renard said about him “He only enjoys bitterness” (Il ne se régale que d’amertume), referring to the morbid delight he found in observing life’s harsh realities.
Peintures du XIXe siècle
Dans l’abondante production française du XIXe siècle, quatre peintres protestants laissent une trace intéressante.
Ary Scheffer (1795-1858)
Jacques II Androuët du Cerceau (c. 1550/1560-1614)
Jacques II Androuët du Cerceau was present on construction sites launched by Henri IV towards the end of the 16th century. He is especially known as the architect of the Reformed church in Charenton near Paris.
Salomon de Brosse (1571-1626)
Born in one of the most renowned families of architects of the 16th century, Salomon de Brosse was the famous architect of the Luxembourg Palace (nowadays housing the Senate) for Marie de Médici. Among his many accomplishments should be mentioned the reconstruction of the best-known of Protestant churches built prior to the Revocation : the Reformed church in Charenton.
Baptiste Androuët du Cerceau (c. 1540/1550-1590)
Baptiste Androuët du Cerceau was appointed architect to the royal buildings. He remained firmly attached to the Reformed Religion.
Jacques I Androuët du Cerceau (before 1520-1585 or 1586)
The influence of his many publications on architects was immense. He refused to convert to Catholicism despite his attachment to the King of France.