From the Consulate to the Second Republic
The Mallet Bank was founded in 1713 by Isaac Mallet (1684-1779), a Genovan Protestant. It thrived during the Ancien Régime (Old Regime), but was impoverished by the Revolution.
After the coup on 18 Brumaire (Rebublican calendar = November) 1799, the Mallets helped found the Banque de France with Guillaume Mallet as one of its governors. The bank developed a new line of business, called the high bank : that is to say it created companies. The bank was involved in housing projects in Paris, and notably building the Royal Theatre and the Opéra Comique between 1826 and 1828.
The bank was also involved in the creation of the first insurance companies, such as Phénix, l’Union and La France, and also in the construction of the first railways, such as the Compagnie du Nord and Paris-Lyon…. The associates, notably Charles Mallet (1815 – 1902), became members of the boards of directors of the new companies. The Mallet Bank has once again become one of the leading banks in Paris.
The Second Empire and Third Republic
The Second Empire was a very busy time for the Mallet Bank which was involved in setting up the Société Générale and Crédit Immobilier. It also promoted the Ottomane Bank and had a hand in creating what became the Compagie Générale Transatlantique and the Crédit Foncier de France.
After the1870 war the Mallet Bank contributed to the success of two loans for the liberation of territories occupied by the Prussians.
It was then involved in starting the Parisian Union Bank and of that for the “Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire (Factories and Construction Sites of the Loire Valley).
During the First World War business almost stopped, but the bank managed to resume its progress after the war and to withstand the 1929 economic crisis that started in the United-Sates.
In 1940 it opened its second headquarters in the free zone of Marseilles, but its activities slowed down.
After the Liberation, the Mallet Bank took part in recovering French assets from abroad.
In 1966, in order to be able to compete in the market place, the Mallet Bank merged with the Neuflize bank, Sclumberger and Co and became the Neuflize, Sclumberger, Mallet (NSM) Bank and became both a private bank and a financial group.
To avoid any hostile takeover, in 1972 NSM accepted that the Dutch group Mees and Hope become involved in handling their assets. The latter group was taken over by the Dutch group ABN which merged with the Dutch group AMRO in 1990.
Today NSM has become the Neuflize, Sclumberger, Mallet, Demachy Bank (NSMD) and is part to the ABN-AMRO group.
- CHOISY Albert, Notice généalogique et historique sur la famille Mallet de Genève, Imprimerie Atar, Genève, 1930
- Collectif, Mallet Frères et Cie – 250 ans de banque, 1713-1963, Presses de Jean Ruchert, Paris, 1963
- GRAND Christian, Trois siècles de banque de Neuflize, Schlumberger, Mallet 1667-1991, EPA, Paris, 1991
Protestant Banking Firms of the 19th century
In France, as throughout the western world, the 19th century witnessed an ever-developing industry. Factories increased in number, manufactured products became more and more diversified and markets expanded.
Charles Mallet (1815-1902)
Charles Mallet is first an associate, then the chairman of the Protestant bank Mallet Frères & Cie which plays a major role in industrial development both in France and abroad during the second half of the 19th century.
The Peugeot family
Since the XVIIth century, the Peugeot family – a Lutheran family from the Montbéliard district – has contributed to the economic growth and social development of France by building an industrial empire that was to know pioneering efforts in the field of social welfare.
The De Dietrich factories
Isaac Mallet (1684-1779)
Isaac Mallet was the descendant of a French protestant who had taken refuge in Geneva ; he founded the bank Mallet Frères et Cie, which remained a family bank for the next 250 years.
The Delessert Family
The Delesserts were a well-known Parisian protestant family who made valuable contributions to the silk trade and banking ; they also set up the first French cotton mill and founded the Caisse d’Epargne. They gave plots of land which they owned in the 16th arrondissement to the Church, later to be used for the construction of the temple of Passy-Annonciation and adjacent Church buildings.
The Schlumberger family
The André family
This prominent family from Nîmes made their fortune in the silk trade. They settled in Paris in the XIXth century and became involved in banking activities. The last member of the family was to bequeath his collections as well as his name to the Jacquemart-André Museum.