A Huguenot family from a country providing refuge
Paul-Henri Marron was born in Leyden – his family, who were Huguenots, originally came from Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux (Drôme).
He studied theology in Leyden, going on to become a pastor in Dordrecht (1776).
In 1782, he was appointed chaplain to the Dutch community in Paris.
Pastor Marron officiated at the first public service of the Protestant church in Paris
Rabaut Saint Etienne had Paul-Henri Marron officially appointed as pastor to the protestant community in Paris.
In the edict of Tolerance (1787), Louis XVI gave back to the Protestants their civil status, which had previously been taken away from them. It was possible to celebrate religious service in private for non-Catholics, but not in public until 1789. However, the Protestants in Paris decided to take no notice of this and on 7th June 1789, a Protestant service was held in rue Mandetour in a room at the back of a wine shop, normally reserved for wedding banquets. Then in February or March 1790 another Protestant service was held in the house at 105, Rue Dauphine. This is where Antoine Court de Gébelin’s “association of scholars” called the “Musée de Paris” had met regularly in the past.
The Reformed Church in Paris celebrated its first service in public to be legally recognized by the State
In 1791 the “Directoire” gave permission to the Town Hall to rent out the Saint-Louis du Louvre church, (which was not in use at the time) to “a group of people claiming to be Protestants”, and on Sunday 22nd May 1791 the first public celebration of the protestant service took place.
A consular decree on 2nd December 1802 declared that the Saint- Louis du Louvre church should be set apart for the Protestant community. But in 1806, Napoleon decided to have the church demolished because he wanted the Louvre to form part of the Tuileries. He placed the Oratoire du Louvre at the disposal of the Reformed Church. First built in 1621, according to plans by the architect Jacques Lemercier, this building was used to store the scenery of the Comédie Française during the French Revolution. The new church was inaugurated and the first official service held on 31st March 1811.
Marron was the pastor of Saint -Louis du Louvre then of the Oratoire du Louvre until his death in 1832.
Marron was sometimes considered as an opportunist because he appeared to pander to each government in power from Louis XVIth onwards – indeed he sent tributes, in verse or in prose to their leaders. But one must consider the fact that his position as a pastor at that time was certainly a difficult one. He was arrested twice and imprisoned in June 1794 for having continued to celebrate weddings and baptisms in secret.
- GARRISSON Francis, "Genèse de l’Église réformée de Paris, 1788-1791", Bulletin de la SHPF, SHPF, Paris, 1991, Numéro 127, p. 25
Antoine Court de Gébelin (1724 or 1728-1784)A scholar who served both religion and science.
Jean-Paul Rabaut Saint-Étienne (1743-1793)A champion of freedom of worship, Jean-Paul Rabaut, known as Saint-Étienne, fought against the discrimination which had excluded Protestants from French society since the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes...
The Edict of Toleration (November 29th, 1787)With this Edict, King Louis XVI granted the Protestants civil status. He secured their right to live in the kingdom without discrimination for religious reasons.
Pierre Jurieu (1637-1713)Pierre Jurieu was a pastor of the “refuge” and defended the rights of the people in the kingdom of Louis XIV.
Paul Rabaut (1718-1794)As a pastor in the “Churches of the Desert”, Paul Rabaut lived a secret and dangerous life