A career as pastor within the "Churches of the Desert"
He was born in Bédarieux (Hérault) in 1718. His father was a woollen merchant. He then became a student of divinity, in other words a travelling disciple of a pastor in the “Churches of the Desert”.
In 1738, he was sent by the Synod to be a divinity in Nîmes. Then he went to Lausanne to attend theology classes at the French Seminary. There, he met Antoine Court.
The struggle for legal recognition
Paul Rabaut embodied the resistance, opposition of the “Churches of the Desert” to legal persecution.
He was a pastor at a time when periods of harsh repression (a price was put on his head) alternated with lulls in the persecution of Protestants thanks to, in part, the trickling of the philosophical ideas of the Enlightenment Age.
In 1741, he was at the head of the Church of Nîmes where he took many steps to legally improve the condition of Protestants, and more particularly that of the female inmates in the Constance Tower. Some of his writings proved his involvement, such as for example “the very humble and highly respectful request presented to the King by the Protestants of the Languedoc province” (1761).
Paul Rabaut was the father of Rabaut Saint-Etienne who was a deputy to the Third Estate in 1789
In the wake of the arrest of his son Rabaut Saint-Etienne, on December 5, 1793, who was to be executed, Paul Rabaut was jailed at the citadel in Nîmes. He was released when Robespierre was overthrown in July 1794 but died a year later.
Marie Durand (1711-1776)
For the French protestants, Marie Durand symbolized those who resisted religious intolerance after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
Antoine Court (1695-1760)
Antoine Court gave himself to the restoration and reorganisation of Protestantism in France after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685).
Jean-Paul Rabaut Saint-Étienne (1743-1793)
A champion of freedom of worship, Jean-Paul Rabaut, known as Saint-Étienne, fought against the discrimination which had excluded Protestants from French society since the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.
Jacques Basnage (1653-1723)
Jacques Basnage was a pastor in Rouen at the time of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes – he had to escape from France due to persecution and took refuge in Holland, where he worked as a theologian, controversialist, historian and diplomat in the service of the Grand Pensioner Hensius.
Jacques Saurin (1677-1730)
Jacques Saurin was a pastor serving in the countries of Refuge, first in London, then in the Hague – as a pastor he was admired for his eloquence and a person for his spirit of tolerance.
Guillaume Mallet (1747-1826)
Isaac Mallet (1684-1779)
Isaac Mallet was the descendant of a French protestant who had taken refuge in Geneva ; he founded the bank Mallet Frères et Cie, which remained a family bank for the next 250 years.
Élie Marion (1678-1713)
Élie Marion was one of the few leaders and prophets who had completed university studies. Exiled to London, he founded the group “the Children of God” or “French Prophets”, and tried to promote prophetic ardour throughout Europe.