At the beginning of the 16th century, the Church had been in moral and political crisis for two centuries but failed to overcome it. Within the framework of the Renaissance, humanism appears, while the printing press allows the dissemination of writings. It was in this context that Luther’s ideas entered France. In 1521 Lefèvre d´Étaples, founded the Cenacle of Meaux, a center of reflection advocating the preaching of Scripture in parishes. Reformed churches appear and organize themselves.