- N°16 Hôtel (The Private Mansion) Colomb
Jacques Dupuy (1591-1676) married Paule Colomb and they lived there. He was the leader of the Montauban resistance during the siege of the city by Catholic Royal troops in 1621.
Pastor Bérault (1535-1610) lived there and prepared students for the ministry. When the Protestant Academy (University) was founded in 1597, he was appointed to the chair of theology. He was the representative at the Assembly convened by Catherine di Medici in Nérac on 4 February 1579, and he presided over the three national synods in Montauban (1594), Montpellier (1598) and La Rochelle (1607).
- N°12 The College of Navarre
After the Treaty of Nérac in 1579, the Consuls asked Henri III the permission to open a college for schoolchildren, who were numerous from 1200 to 1500, and whose studies had been neglected because of the wars of religion. In 1573 Queen Marguerite de Navarre gave a pension worth 200 pounds, thus doubling that of Henri de Navarre’s. But the Academy, the foundations of which were laid on 14 October 1597, was opened only in 1598 on Bishop Jean de Prez’s request, as he feared renewed unrest. Upon the return of the Jesuits in 1633, the premises were shared by the two confessions, but incidents between the students were numerous and, in 1659, using the pretext of greater unrest, the Academy was exiled to Puylaurens in the Tarn..
The Armand Cambon Street
Rue Armand Cambon, Montauban, France
Marguerite d'Angoulême (1492-1549)
Marguerite d’Angoulême was a literary person who, while fostering new ideas, was at the very centre of the cultural and spiritual life of her time.
Protestant education in the 17th century
The basic aim of Protestant education in the 17th century was to hand on the Reformed faith. It was impossible, at the time, to imagine a non – religious education.
The last religious wars (1621-1629)
Under Louis XIII, in the wake of the Béarn case, the Protestants rebelled against the king. After their defeat, they lost their political assemblies and their strongholds and as a result fully depended on the king’s good will.
The Montauban Faculty of Theology in the 19th century
The faculty was founded in 1808-1810 and trained the majority of the Reformed Church pastors. After a somewhat tentative beginning, studies were reorganized by a decree initiated by Baron Cuvier and dated May 24, 1828.
Walk in the Protestant Montauban
The conditions of foundation of the city, in 1144, by Alphonse Jourdain, Count of Toulouse, the rights granted by a particularly liberal charter for the time, the fact of being administered by elected Consuls seem to have predisposed the inhabitants to an independence of spirit which makes them welcome the Cathar and Valdeist doctrines, despite a temporary occupation of Simon de Montfort.
On the other hand, the economic and commercial activity of the city, which puts it in contact with England, Italy, Spain, the great fairs of Champagne allows to know the new ideas, and to open up to them.
Thus, from 1537, Michel de Affinibus, Jean de la Rogeraye, Jean Calvin read to their students the epistles of Saint Paul and were suspected “vehemently” of heresy.
A letter from King Henry II of November 18, 1551 asked Bishop Jean de Lettes to make an investigation “in order to purge and cleanse the diocese of errors, scandals, false and reprobate doctrines which contaminate and infect the flock of Jesus Christ” .
According to the vicar general, François Poinsson, who leads the investigation, the Calvinists stir everywhere.