Her first exhortations
When Isabeau Vincent started to work as a shepherdess for her uncle in Saou, between Bourdeaux and Crest (Drôme), her mother was no longer alive and her father had abjured his faith, (this was before the Revocation of the edict of Nantes). She was about fifteen and a half when she first started to speak in her sleep, in February 1688, and to prophesy during the night – first in the local dialect and later in French. Her “exhortations” had a dramatic effect on those who rushed to hear what she had to say. She called them to repent, to reject the Roman Catholic mass, to seek the word of God and to persevere, despite the persecution inflicted on them : “Repent… Stand firm and may your faith always be founded on Jesus Christ (….). Because he who perseveres to the end will receive eternal life, you must suffer to defend God’s word (….). Seek his word and you will find it through repentance, obey God’s commands and not those of men (…). The wicked will perish with their wickedness and will be reaped like the grass in the fields which is laid out to dry…”.
On hearing this, many people thought she was referring to those who persecuted and tortured them. Indeed, one witness wrote, It must be God’s spirit speaking through her.
The collection of her exhortations.
Among those who came to listen to her, one man wrote down all her exhortations and sent them to Amsterdam where they were printed and circulated ; they constituted the first part of the document entitled A shortened version of the story of the shepherdess in Saou near Crest in the Dauphiné, printed in Amsterdam in 1688. You had asked me to give you news of the girl we told you about (…). The second part of the manuscript consisted of a sworn statement by the lawyer Gerlan who had observed her on the night of the 20th of May and who had transcribed her prophesies.
In his letter of 14th June, the witness said that Isabeau was arrested on the 8th of June, taken to Crest, questioned for several hours and imprisoned in the Tower where she stayed until July when she was transferred to the hospital in Grenoble. Finally she was sent to a convent where she died. But her message was not lost – other young men and women also began to prophesy : this was the movement known as the « Minor Prophets ». One of them started to prophesy in the Vivarais, where others soon began to do the same and in 1700 in the Bas-Languedoc there were a great many young people prophesying two years before the Camisard revolt
In memory of Isabeau Vincent.
About thirty years ago, in a farm in Pervenche, Ardèche, a large number of private documents, Gerlan’s sworn statement and the letter of the 14th of June were discovered quite by chance.
The Musée du Protestantisme Dauphinois set up a memorial to the “Minor Prophets” which was inaugurated on the 13th of August 1988. It was placed at the foot of the cliffs in the forest of Saou, near the farm belonging to the Berles, where Isabeau Vincent had lived. It reminds us that her “witness led to the beginning of the protestant movement called the Minor Prophets in the Dauphine, Vivarais and Cevennes.”
Protestant Museum of the Dauphiné
The protestant museum of the Dauphiné is situated in a XVth century building which became a temple two centuries later. Together with the temple of Collet de Dèze in Lozère, it is unusual in the fact that it was not pulled down at the time of the Revocation. Le Poet-Laval is a picturesque medieval village, a military post belonging to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, who joined the Reform Movement in the XVIth century.
In the years following the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, a Prophetic Movement, quite alien to the Reformed tradition, stirred up Protestant peasants from the South of France and led to the War of the Camisards (Guerre des Camisards).
The Edict of Fontainebleau or the Revocation (1685)
In October 1685, Louis XIV signed the Edict of Fontainebleau which repealed the Edict of Nantes. It banned Protestant worship and the emigration of Protestants. Pastors were banished.
Turenne, a great military leader, was converted from Protestantism to Catholicism ; this experience was very significant for him.
Théophraste Renaudot (1584-1653)
Théophraste Renaudot was the king’s doctor, but he is now chiefly remembered as the first journalist to have existed in France, founding the Gazette de France in 1631.
Henri de Rohan (1574-1638)
Henri de Rohan, a protestant from Brittany, had the privilege of being protected by Henri IV, and at the king’s death he became the leader of the reformed protestants in 1610. He was forced into exile because of the battles he had fought against the royal army in the Languedoc area of the Midi and also his refusal to give up his faith. But while away from France, he spent his time profitably by writing geopolitical treaties.
Pierre Bayle (1647-1706)
Pierre Bayle can be seen as a forerunner of the Age of Enlightenment because the concept of tolerance was of great importance to him and, a true scholar, he specialized in historical criticism.