Luther's reformed thinking took root in Alès as early as 1530
This reformed trend became even stronger as from 1545. Alès was a recognised place of shelter and as such became one of the strongholds of Protestantism. Services of worship were held in the Catholic Chapel of the Cordeliers, then in the Chapel of the Dominicans and in the Church of Saint Jean, built in 1472. When, in 1533, the Edict of Amboise allowed the Protestants to hold their own services, they left the Catholic places of worship.
The first temple was built in 1577
It had seating accommodation for some 5,000 to 6,000 worshippers. The light streamed in through fifteen rectangular windows. The front with its three entrance doors was impressive. A bell steeple towered over the building.
Engraved on the frontal were the words : “my sheep hear my voice, and I know them, they follow me and I give them eternal life.”
In 1629, Louis XIII besieged the city and, on the 16th of June, signed within its walls the “peace of Alais” (or Alès). Richelieu stayed at the auberge du Coq Hardi.
In 1685, the Revocation ordered the building to be destroyed. The Protestants were to have their own place of worship only after the Revolution. In 1792, they were given the Chapelle des Pénitents, built on the site of the former temple in 1707. The latter was demolished in 1864-65 and the present temple was built.
- DUBIEF Henri et POUJOL Jacques, La France protestante, Histoire et Lieux de mémoire, Max Chaleil éditeur, Montpellier, 1992, rééd. 2006, p. 450
- LAURENT René, Promenade à travers les temples de France, Les Presses du Languedoc, Millau, 1996, p. 520
- REYMOND Bernard, L’architecture religieuse des protestants, Labor et Fides, Genève, 1996
Peace of Alès
After three religious wars, the peace of Alais deprived Protestants of safe havens, but confirmed their right to practice their religion within the framework of the Edict of Nantes.
Article : The last religious wars (1621-1629)
The last religious wars (1621-1629)
Under Louis XIII, in the wake of the Béarn case, the Protestants rebelled against the king. After their defeat, they lost their political assemblies and their strongholds and as a result fully depended on the king’s good will.