Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux (1619-1692)
Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux was a protestant writer and his work consisted of social satire and anecdotes. Unfortunately, it was considered to be somewhat scurrilous and was only really recognized in the middle of the XIX century. In his private life, he shared with other believers the terrible suffering inflicted on protestants in the years leading up to the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
A promising start in Paris
Tallemant des Réaux was born in La Rochelle in 1619, into a family of protestant bankers. He came to Pariswhen he was still quite young and took up with Valentin Conrart, another protestant, who was a most cultured man and secretary to Louis XIV ; at the centre of a group of literary men whowere later toform the basis of the future Académie Française.
But Tallemant was also a member of the sophisticated, dazzling circle in the hôtel de Rambouillet near the Louvre ; here the marquise of Rambouillet, née Catherine de Vivonne, gathered together in her salon the most brilliant literary figures of the time : Malherbe, Racan, Corneille, Rotrou, Conrart.
This is where he found the inspiration for his “Historiettes“, as he would later call them. In this work, which was modified several times up until 1659, Tallemant wrote stories of a somewhat bawdy nature, adding cruel but apt observations on the morals and behaviour of Parisian ladies in the reign of Louis XIII and the beginning of the reign of Louis XIV. But they were not very popular due to their scurrilous nature. They were published in near secrecy. They did not seem to belong to any literary genre and they were considered more as a source of information about a milieu rather than as a work of literature. However, in 1834, they were published by Monmerqué, who insisted on their true value – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux was compared to Mme De Sévigné for the quality of his narration and to Saint Simon for the detailed picture he gave of the society of his time.
The end of his life was not a happy one
Gédéon was in an unusual position socially, he was rich but also a Huguenot, cultured and intelligent but not, however, pedantic. Although he belonged to nearly every milieu in society, in fact he never gave his allegiance to anyone and his last days were spent in loneliness.
Family disasters were also a cause of distress ; his wife abjured the protestant faith in 1660, and although his daughter remained deeply loyal to her religious beliefs, she was later banished from the country in consequence. As for himself, he converted to Catholicism in 1684.
- MAIGNE Vincenette, Tallement des réaux-le Cabinet d’un amateur, Klincksieck, Paris, 1992
Valentin Conrart (1603-1675)Valentin Conrart was a man of letters and the first permanent secretary to the “Académie française”.
Jacques Basnage (1653-1723)Jacques Basnage was a pastor in Rouen at the time of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes – he had to escape from France due to persecution and took...
The Du Guernier Family
Pierre Bayle (1647-1706)Pierre Bayle can be seen as a forerunner of the Age of Enlightenment because the concept of tolerance was of great importance to him and, a true scholar, he specialized...
Louis Du Guernier (1614-1659)Louis du Guernier was born in a Reformed Church family several members of which were artists, but he was the best known. He was deeply religious but also had a...
Isaac Moillon (1614-1673)Isaac Moillon belonged to a large family of Protestant painters in Paris – they worked in Saint-Germain-des-Prés.