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Home | Centuries
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Farewell of Calvin to the syndic of Geneva
The 16th century   Currently undergoing translation

Protestantism originated in the 16th century as a movement of protest against the religious power of the Roman Catholic Church. This reforming movement met with success in certain countries but was violently repressed in others. Towards the end of the 16th century, after what at times was to be a violent confrontation, the religious map of Europe was established for the centuries to come.


At the beginning of the XVIth century At the beginning of the XVIth century The Reformation in Europe The Reformation in Europe  
The Reformation in France The Reformation in France Protestants in the arts and letters – Literature in the 16th century Protestants in the arts and letters – Literature in the 16th century  
Great figures Great figures A new relationship with God A new relationship with God  

The 17th century

In the 17th century, protestants living under the legislation prescribed by the Edict of Nantes contributed greatly to their times as academics and theologians. But after the treaty of Alès, Louis XIII took away their strongholds and under Louis XIV they gradually lost all that remained of their religious freedom ; finally, the king resorted to violence : the royal army forced them to convert to Catholicism. And in 1685, with the revocation of the edict of Nantes, Protestantism was outlawed in France.


In the days of the Edict of Nantes In the days of the Edict of Nantes The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes  
Alsace and the region of Montbeliard Alsace and the region of Montbeliard Protestant artists and writers in the XVIIth century Protestant artists and writers in the XVIIth century  
The Protestant community The Protestant community The Reformed Church The Reformed Church  
The main figures of Protestantism The main figures of Protestantism      
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Louis XIV signing the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in Fontainebleau

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Huguenot women prisonners in the Tour de Constance, painting by Jeanne Lombard
The 18th century

Despite the ban imposed on their religion, such Protestants as had not sought exile in the “countries of the Refuge” sought to retain their reformed faith. Such disobedience to the royal edicts brought about violence, especially during the wars of the Camisards. Repression was to diminish towards the end of the century and Protestants, recognised by the Edict of Tolerance, were to play an important role during the period of the revolution.


The war of the Camisards The war of the Camisards The «Church of the Desert» in the Heroic Period The «Church of the Desert» in the Heroic Period  
The tolerated «Church of the Desert» The tolerated «Church of the Desert» The French Revolution and the Protestants The French Revolution and the Protestants  
Alsace and Montbéliard Alsace and Montbéliard Countries of Refuge Countries of Refuge  
Religion in the «Desert» period Religion in the «Desert» period Major figures of Protestantism Major figures of Protestantism  

The 19th century   Currently undergoing translation

For French Protestantism the 19th century is a time of intense « Renewal » in all spheres : intellectual activity and theological confrontation, dynamism in all aspects of civil and social life.


The Protestant community The Protestant community Theological debates Theological debates  
Protestants and public life Protestants and public life Fields of action Fields of action  
Protestants and economic life Protestants and economic life European Protestantism European Protestantism  
Portraits Portraits      
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Ary Scheffer, François Guizot (1787-1874)

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Pastor Marc Boegner
The 20th century   Currently undergoing translation

The 20th century is marked by the steady growth of secularisation. Scientific and technical progress in all spheres, changes in public political platforms, the widening of economic exchanges and the multiplication of social interactions were to turn this century into a period during which the exercise of responsibility expresses itself in terms of “disenchantment”.

Marked by two world wars, by colonial wars, by the cold war, by the breaking down of the Berlin Wall and by communism, the 20th century was to witness remarkable oecumenical efforts amongst which featured the creation of the World Council of Churches and the 2nd Vatican Council.


Protestants and public life Protestants and public life Protestantism and the major issues of the 20th century Protestantism and the major issues of the 20th century  
Theology in the 20th century Theology in the 20th century Protestant artists and writers Protestant artists and writers  
Portraits Portraits      
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